Author: Arvin Nikko C. Tacorda

Introduction

How involved are you in your community? You might be a part of any youth groups, one at your school, or a neighborhood organization. You might vote in local elections, read the local paper, and get updates from social media. Or perhaps not. Finding the time to pay attention and participate in civic activities while studying, juggling work, family, and other commitments can be difficult, but doing so is essential if you want to have a voice in our community.

Filipinos’ engagement in civic activities reflects a strong commitment to democracy, community, and social justice. While challenges exist, such as political polarization and issues related to corruption, civic engagement remains a vital force in shaping the country’s future and addressing its complex and evolving challenges.

This module’s main emphasis will be on your connections to your community. This entails including you, taking part in decision-making, problem-solving, and acting as a community member, as well as mentioning the issues that our nation has with regard to civic involvement.

| Most Essential Learning Competencies 

  • Understand the importance of becoming an active member of the community.
  • Evaluate the essence of promoting and considering human rights in solving social problems.
  • Discuss the positive effects of active participation in community activities, politics and society.
  • Value the role of the citizen in achieving good governance.
  • Identify some of the current challenges in civic engagement.
  • Propose possible solutions in resolving the identified challenges in civic engagement.

| Content Standards

By the end of this module, learners are expected to demonstrate an understanding of:

  • Essence of citizenship and active participation towards a progressive, safe and united community.

| Performance Standards

By the end of this module, learners are expected to:

  • Conduct a brief research about the available civic and political organizations in their community.

Lesson 1: Understanding Participatory Governance Vs Civic Engagement

| Lesson Objectives

At the end of the lesson, the student is able to:

  • Define Civic Engagement;
  • Identify the importance of civic engagement to the community;
  • Define Participatory Governance;
  • Differentiate Civic Engagement and Participatory Governance; 
  • Identify the requirements needed to join civic and political organizations in the community;
  • Recognize the primary advocacies of each organizations; and
  • Reflect which among these organizations are they willing to join and their reason for it.

| Lesson Overview

In order to comprehend the community thoroughly, it must be viewed from a range of perspectives. Whether the community is physically defined, it nonetheless has a geographic context—an environment in which it exists. Getting a sense of its surroundings may be necessary in order to completely understand it. At the same time, it’s important to understand the specific community about which you’re concerned. You must get to know their people in order to establish relationships with them and to understand their culture, problems, and relationships. Students will benefit greatly from this session in understanding what it means to be capable of participating in civic activities and understanding their significance.

| Key Concepts

  • Civic Engagement- refers to a citizen’s involvement in the affairs of their community. This involvement can range from more formal political participation, such as voting and running for office, to more general community activities, such as clean-up drives and volunteerism. 
  • Participatory Governance- refers to various focuses in widening and deepening the democratic engagement of citizens in the processes of governance with the state. It plays a crucial role in shaping public policy, addressing social issues, and fostering a sense of collective responsibility for the well-being of the community and the nation. Such as examples are Citizen Advisory Committees, Online Platforms and Community Meetings and Town Halls.

| Self-Evaluation Form (Part I)

Answer the following questions. 

  1. In your own words, how would you describe civic engagement?

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  1. Write about a period when you were civically active based on the idea and the traits mentioned.

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

| Sub-lesson 1: Participatory Governance

Participatory Governance (sometimes called participatory democracy) refers to the engagement of citizens in public venues that result in the advancement of public policies intended to change their lives for the better. Participatory governance is based upon individuals having a voice in decisions that involve and affect them. Participation in the policy-making process strengthens social capital, fosters inclusive and sustainable growth, promotes fairness and social justice, and widens the democratic space.

| Sub-lesson 2: Participatory Governance

Civic Engagement and Participatory Governance are sometimes used interchangeably. Remember that these terms are related but they are different.

Civic Engagement refers to citizen’s involvement in the affairs of their community. This involvement can range from more formal political participation, such as voting and running for office, to more general community activities, such as clean-up drives and volunteerism. Civic engagement is a fundamental aspect of a healthy democracy, as it allows citizens to have a voice in the governance of their society and to hold their elected representatives accountable. It plays a crucial role in shaping public policy, addressing social issues, and fostering a sense of collective responsibility for the well-being of the community and the nation.

List of Activities

| Synchronous Activities

Activity 1: #Share Mo!

Instructions: This activity will help learners to share some of their opinions about civic engagement and relate it with the given statement. They are also encouraged to comment on each other’s statements.

  1. Young People are most likely engaged in the civic community.
  2. Encouraging people to Civic Engagement is my strength. 
  3. Community workers must be supported by our national government.

 

Activity 2: 

Instructions: Complete the following statements with words or phrases that best describe your understanding of civic engagement.  Explain your statements or comment on each other’s statements. 

Statement 1: I envision my community as ______________________________. 

Statement 2: To be able to implement this I must _________________________. 

| Asynchronous Activities

Activity 1: Let’s Compare! (Venn Diagram)

Instructions: Complete the Venn diagram below by writing down differences and similarities about Civic Engagement and Participatory Governance.

Activity 2: What’s on your mind?

What do you think about being active in fostering safety, harmony, and progress in your neighborhood?

My Thoughts: 

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

| Self-Paced Learning (Optional Activities)

Activity 1: What’s your side?

State-centered:  citizenship is a privilege; it focuses on: (a) loyalty to country, (b) rights and duties as a platform of expectations of a state upon its citizens, and (c) as a yardstick of good behavior. 

People-centered / Democratic Citizenship: citizenship is an inherent right in political spaces beyond the territory of the state; it acknowledges that rights among humans are borderless, timeless, and regime-less. 

With the given definition of State-Centered and People-Centered, what do you think is the most applicable right now in solving issues in participatory governance?

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

Lesson 2: Today’s Challenges in Civic Engagement

| Lesson Objectives

At the end of the lesson, the student is able to:

  • Identify some of the current challenges in civic engagement.
  • Propose possible solutions in resolving the identified challenges in civic engagement.

| Lesson Overview

Nowadays, it is thought that young Filipinos are digitally literate. Their online participation has changed as a result of their use of social media. The Philippine Daily Inquirer (PDI) (2016) noted that “social media is a powerful catalyst for the engagement of the collective, but particularly—and critically—the young”, notably during the recent elections. The youth were able to express their political opinions online thanks to online channels. In a similar vein, politicians targeted young people in their internet campaigns. The youth are no longer just preoccupied with leisure activities and scarcely with political concerns, despite criticism that social media sites like Facebook, Twitter, or other platforms should enhance the level of dialogue (PDI 2016).

The status of the Filipino youth’s participation in government, whether as political candidates or voters, may also be subject to significant difficulties or opportunities based on an examination of certain worldwide trends. In a study by the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU), the Philippines came in 56th place out of 126 nations in terms of the proportion of lawmakers who are members of the lower house of the national assembly and are 30 years of age or younger.

With the exception of Indonesia, which comes in at rank 33 and 2.9%, the nation performs reasonably well relative to its neighbors in Southeast Asia, but it lags well behind European nations like Sweden, the global leader. As no senator under the age of 30 was elected to the upper house (the Senate), the Philippines placed last (out of 43 countries). Due to the constitution’s requirement that elected senators be at least 35 years old, this ranking is obvious.

| Self-Evaluation Form (Part I)

Define the ff. terms in your own words so you can complete the Concept Map.

| Sub-Lesson 1: Today’s Challenges in Civic Engagement

Modernization and development come with a prize. In today’s era wherein people’s world mainly evolves in their computer and smartphones, one of the things that it greatly impacts is civic engagement of every citizen. In this lesson you will have an overview of some of the main obstacles of every citizen for them to be engaged in various civic activities. The following list are some of the major challenges that is being encountered by most of Filipino youth:

  1. Government funding cuts for youth civic engagement initiatives
  2. National Youth Commission corruption and inefficiency
  3. Weak economy
  4. Weak education system
  5. Difficulty for the youth to balance studies, responsibilities at home and participation in youth civic engagement
  6. High financial cost of participating in activities.
  7. Lack of information about relevant programs

On the other hand, according to Annette Strauss Institute for Civic Life, there are five challenges to civic engagement which are as follows:

  • Lack of civility– Most of the citizens’ view politics as a hostile territory due to lack of open, reasoned discussion and debate which turn away public participation and dialogue.
  • Lack of Attention to Public Affairs– Due to rampant fake news dissemination on some platform, many citizens become hesitant to trust news sources, which in effect citizens are less likely to be informed about a wide range of perspectives, making them less likely to be engaged.
  • Lack of Role Models– Citizens are “made, not born,” yet possibilities for a civic-minded populace are decreasing as there are fewer conversations about public issues and politicians that demonstrate leadership and a commitment to public service.
  • Lack of Civic and Political Skills– Engaged individuals can improve their communities by using processes and abilities including networking, communication, and even running for public office.
  • Lack of Awareness Many residents are disillusioned and uninspired to participate in their communities as a result of the confluence of “incivility, misinformation, and the active marketing of cynicism.”

Being a responsible citizen of our country, it is not only our right but a privilege that we get to have a voice in how our country should be governed so that it stays true to the principles enshrined in our Constitution. To make it possible, it is important for all citizens to not only learn and understand how the government functions, but also actively participate in these systems.

This will not only strengthen our democracy as a country, but also allow us to find solutions on a local level, and instill more trust, happiness, and satisfaction within and among communities.

| Sub-Lesson 2: Challenges for youth local participation

Youth participation in civic engagement at the local level can face several challenges, which may vary depending on the specific context and region. Such challenges are primarily lack of awareness and limited access to information. Also Time Constraints is one of the factor as some youth today tend to allot their time moreover to social media platforms.

Despite these challenges, there are various strategies and solutions that can help promote and support youth local participation in civic engagement. These include mentorship programs, targeted outreach efforts, youth-friendly policies, educational initiatives, and platforms for youth voices to be heard and considered in decision-making processes. Encouraging an inclusive and welcoming environment that values the perspectives and contributions of young people is crucial for fostering their active involvement in local civic activities.

Youth participation in civic engagement at the local level can face several challenges, which may vary depending on the specific context and region.

 

 

 

List of Activities

| Synchronous Activities

Activity 1: #TogetherWeCan

Instructions: This activity will help learners provide and solve different problems faced by the youth today in terms of civic engagement. 

The students should also discuss why these are considered issues that must be resolved. 

  1. Rudeness to elders – 
  2. Fake News Peddler – 
  3. Socially and Politically Disinclined – 

 

Activity 2: Research

Instructions: Given the following pictures concerning challenges in civic engagement, cite some insights about it by means of searching related articles on the internet. Students are encouraged to comment on each other’s statements.

1.Economic Stability –

2. Poor Education-

3.  Lack of Government Support –

| Asynchronous Activities

Activity 1: #ICanBe

Instructions. If you were given an opportunity to become a leader in promoting youth engagement in your locality, state some of your proposals and explain why it must be implemented.

  • Proposal #1

 

  • Proposal #2

 

Activity 2: #ICanBe

Instructions. In the given chart below, list down some of your skills and capabilities which may be exercised in  the promotion of youth engagement in our country. 

 

 

Self-Evaluation Form (Part 2)

Answer the following questions.

 

  1. Do you think we still have the chance to promote effective youth engagement? Explain your answer. 

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

  1. In what ways can a student like you have a big contribution gearing towards national achievement in terms of active civic engagement?

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

| Rubric for Discussions

 

Excellent Above Average Developing Needs Improvement
Content:

The central theme/idea/argument of the student’s output is focused and supported by evidence which indicates mastery of the content.

Organization: 

The flow of the discussion of the central theme/idea/theme is coherent.

Presentation:

The form and presentation of the central theme/idea is clear, persuasive, polite, and easy to understand.

 

| Rubric for Written Outputs

 

Excellent Above Average Developing Needs Improvement
Content:

The central theme/idea of the paper is focused and supported by evidence which indicates mastery of the content.

Organization: 

The flow of the discussion of the central theme/idea is coherent.

Presentation:

The form and presentation of the central theme/idea is clear and easy to understand..

 

| Rubric for Creative Outputs

 

Excellent Above Average Developing Needs Improvement
Content:

The artwork clearly presents information, ideas, and/or theme on topic which demonstrates understanding and mastery of the content.

Presentation:

The artwork is meaningful and elicits understanding on the subject.

| Learning Resources

Gonzales, A. (n.d.). A Mindful Way to Reflect: Rose, Thorn, and Bud. Mindful Schools. Retrieved from https://www.mindfulschools.org/inspiration/mindful-reflection/ 

Mind Maps®, A Powerful Approach to Note-Taking. Retrieved from https://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newISS_01.htm

 

| References

 

Action plan on Science in Society related issues in Epidemics and Total pandemics (n.d.). Participatory governance. http://www.asset-scienceinsociety.eu/pages/participatory-governance

Bennett, L. (2013). Civic learning in changing democracies: Challenges for citizenship and civic education. In Young Citizens and New Media (pp. 59-77). Routledge.

Community Toolbox (n.d.). Toolkits. https://ctb.ku.edu/en/toolkits 

D’Agostino, M. J., & Visser, A. (2010). Addressing and overcoming barriers to youth civic engagement.

De Leon, D. (2022, September 2). Why Marcos admin seeks P10-B bump in local government support in 2023. Rappler. https://www.rappler.com/newsbreak/explainers/marcos-administration-proposal-local-government-support-fund-2023-budget-hearing-2022/ 

Dubas, J. S., & Snider, B. A. (2020). The role of community-based youth groups in enhancing learning and achievement through nonformal education. Early Adolescence, 159-174.

Hyman, J. B., & Levine, P. (2008). Civic Engagement and the Disadvantaged: Challenges, Opportunities and Recommendations. CIRCLE Working Paper# 63. Center for Information and Research on Civic Learning and Engagement (CIRCLE).

LMS Hero (n.d.). What Is Your Role In Your Community? [See How To Make A Change]. https://lmshero.com/what-is-your-role-in-your-community/

Osmani, S. R. (2008). Participatory governance: An overview of issues and evidence. Participatory governance and the millennium development goals, 1-45.

Padiyar, S. (2022, May 4). The Lack of Education Cause Poverty. EcoleGlobale. https://www.ecoleglobale.com/blog/the-lack-of-education-cause-poverty/ 

Punonbayan, JC (2018, June 18_. [OPINION] Why is the Philippine peso the weakest in ASEAN?. Rappler. https://www.rappler.com/voices/thought-leaders/205170-reason-philippine-peso-weakest-asean/

Sanders, M. G. (2001). The role of” community” in comprehensive school, family, and community partnership programs. The Elementary School Journal, 102(1), 19-34.